a plot summary and a direct"tion, both of which use the literary present. Shifting verb tenses is one of the most distracting things for a reader to endure; write in one tense and change tenses only to indicate a shift in time or some dramatic purpose. The short answer is that it depends on the type of essay you will be writing. He had written, he has written, he will have written perfect continuous. Samples of tenses per section of your research Tense in a thesis or dissertation What follows is a table that outlines the various tenses that are used in theses and dissertations and the purposes they are most commonly put. The reason is that, in this instance, you are not emphasizing the findings of the research or its significance, but talking about events that occurred in the past. Perfect-progressive Future used to emphasize the continuing nature of events that will end just before an implied or stated future time and that will still be relevant to the that time.
Writer s Web: Verbs: Past Tense? Writing Guide: Present-Tense Verbs What tense should I use when writing an essay?
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Thanks :-) Your vote is saved :-) Processing your vote. Academic writing generally concerns writing about research. She was writing her paper for her class (when her pencil broke). For example, the next two sentences describe one action followed by another, but each achieves a different rhetorical effect by using different verb forms. Need help improving your grammar? Switching verb tenses upsets the time sequence of narration. Present Perfect-progressive Not commonly used in academic work (see essays on art history note on Present Progressive).