times states: 138 "Tolerance is laudable the Spiller (the Caliph Abu al-Abbs ) had once said, "except in matters dangerous to religious beliefs, or to the Sovereign's dignity." 138 Mahdi (d. 14 (4 4143, c diff research paper Chapter. Tolerance and Coercion in Islam: Interfaith Relations in the Muslim Tradition. 79 a b c d e f Paul Marshall and Nina Shea (2011 Silenced: How Apostasy and Blasphemy codes are choking freedom worldwide, Oxford University Press, isbn "The Application of the Apostasy Law in the World Today". Lahore : Institute of Islamic Culture. The state laws of Perak, Kedah, Negeri Sembilan, Sarawak, and Malacca allow one parent to convert children to Islam even if the other parent does not consent to his or her child's conversion to Islam. 4 In the contemporary Islamic Republic of Iran, at least one conservative jurist, Ayatollah Mohsen Araki, has attempted to reconcile following the traditional doctrine while addressing the principle of freedom of religion enshrined in the Islamic Republic's constitution. 156 In March 2006, an Afghan citizen Abdul Rahman was charged with apostasy and could have faced the death penalty for converting to Christianity. "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census". 297 A bill was proposed in 2007 to criminalize apostasy, but it failed to pass.
Quran 9:66 He who disbelieves in Allah after his having believed, not he who is compelled while his heart is at rest on account of faith, but he who opens (his) breast to disbelief- on these is the wrath of Allah, and they shall have. Male apostates must be executed, states the Jafari fiqh, while a female apostate must be held in solitary confinement till she repents and returns to Islam. Unofficial Translation released by the Government of Egypt (2014). 345 346 However, many of them are not open about their deconversion, in fear of endangering their relationships with their relatives and friends. Hanafi scholars maintain that a female apostate should not be killed because it was forbidden to kill women under Sharia.